Appendix 2

Appendix 2: Referencing the Bible

The Bible

References to the Bible are made in the text.
When reference is made to a biblical idea, the book, chapter, verse, and version are abbreviated and cited in the main text (John 14:17). For subsequent references, the version need not be cited unless different to the first. If a biblical passage is cited in full, the reference is placed outside the quotation marks but inside the full stop following the quotation: “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and to God the things that are God’s” (Matt 22:21 NRSV).
Abbreviations for biblical books are given below.

Abbreviations for biblical books

These come from Patrick H. Alexander, John F. Kutslo, James D. Ernest, Shirley A. Decker-Lucke, and David L. Petersen, eds., The SBL Handbook of Style: For Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and Early Christian Studies (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1999), 73-74, to which you are referred by the Chicago guide. Consult this handbook also for information on abbreviations used for other ancient texts. Depending on the context, either traditional or shorter abbreviations for the names of books of the Bible may be used. Note that abbreviations for the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, New Testament, Apocrypha, and Septuagint titles do not require a period and are not italicized. Abbreviations are as follows.

Hebrew bible/Old Testament

Gen

Genesis

Eccl (or Qoh)

Ecclesiastes (or Qoheleth)

Exod

Exodus

Song

Song of Songs (Song of Solomon.

Lev

Leviticus

or (Cant)

or Canticles)

Num

Numbers

Isa

Isaiah

Deut

Deuteronomy

Jer

Jeremiah

Josh

Joshua

Lam

Lamentations

Judg

Judges

Ezek

Ezekiel

Ruth

Ruth

Dan

Daniel

1-2 Sam

1-2 Samuel

Hos

Hosea

1-2 Kgdms

1-2 Kingdoms

Joel

Joel

 

(LXX)

Amos

Amos

1-2 Kgs

1-2 Kings

Obad

Obadiah

3-4 Kgdms

3-4 Kingdoms

Jonah

Jonah

 

(LXX)

   

1-2 Chr

1-2 Chronicles

Mic

Micah

Ezra

Ezra

Nah

Nahum

Neh

Nehemiah

Hab

Habakkuk

Esth

Esther

Zeph

Zephaniah

Job

Job

Hag

Haggai

Ps/Pss

Psalms

Zech

Zechariah

Prov

Proverbs

Mal

Malachi

New Testament

Matt

Matthew                    Thess

1-2

1-2 Thessalonians

Mark

Mark

1-2 Tim

1-2 Timothy

Luke

Luke

Titus

Titus

John

John

Phlm

Philemon

Acts

Acts

Heb

Hebrews

Rom

Romans

Jas

James

1-2 Cor

1-2 Corinthians

1-2 Pet

1-2 Peter

Gal

Galatians                   John

1-2-3

1-2-3 John

Eph

Ephesians

Jude

Jude

Phil

Philippians

Rev

Revelation

Col

Colossians

   

Apocrypha and Septuagint

Bar

Baruch

Jdt

Judith

Add Dan

Additions to Daniel

1-2 Macc

1-2 Maccabees

Pr Azar

Prayer of Azariah

3-4 Mace

3-4 Maccabees

Bel

Bel and the Dragon

Pr Man

Prayer of Mannasseh

Sg Three

Song of the Three Young Men

Ps 151

Psalm 151

Sus

Susanna

Sir

Sirach/Ecclesiasticus

1-2 Esd

1-2 Esdras

Tob

Tobit

Add Esth

Additions to Esther

Wis

Wisdom

Ep Jer

Epistle of Jeremiah